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GuideMark® Emerging Markets Service GMLVX Sustainability

| Quantitative rating as of

Sustainability Analysis

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Sustainable Summary

GuideMark® Emerging Markets Fund is likely to concern sustainability-focused investors given certain substandard ESG attributes.

This fund has above-average exposure to ESG risk relative to its peers in the Global Emerging Markets Equity category, earning it the second-lowest Morningstar Sustainability Rating of 2 globes. Investors concerned about ESG risk may be better off with funds earning 4 or 5 globes, as they tend to hold securities less exposed to ESG risk. ESG risk measures the degree to which material environmental, social, and governance issues, such as climate change and inequalities, could affect valuations. ESG risk differs from impact, which is about driving positive environmental and social outcomes for society’s benefit.

One potential issue for a sustainability-focused investor is that GuideMark® Emerging Markets Fund doesn’t have an ESG-focused mandate. A fund with an ESG-focused mandate would have a higher probability to drive positive ESG outcomes. The fund's current involvement in fossil fuels reaches 11.18%, surpassing 7.58% for its average category peer. Companies are considered involved in fossil fuels if they derive some revenue from thermal coal, oil, and gas. The fund has relatively high exposure (11.22%) to companies with high or severe controversies. From bribery and corruption to workplace discrimination and environmental incidents, controversies are incidents that may negatively affect stakeholders, the environment, or the company’s operations.

GuideMark® Emerging Markets Fund's Carbon Risk Score of 14.09 is at the lower end of the medium carbon risk band. This score represents the asset-weighted carbon risk score of the portfolio's equity or corporate bond holdings, averaged over the trailing 12 months. This suggests the fund’s current holdings are moderately positioned to transition to a low-carbon economy. Such funds invest in companies that tend to operate in sectors less exposed to the transition (such as healthcare and IT) and/or companies in more carbon-intensive sectors (such as industrials and utilities) but that consider climate change in their business strategy and products, and therefore are positively aligned with the transition.

ESG Commitment Level Asset Manager

An ESG Commitment Level Asset Manager rating is not assigned to this investment.

Morningstar analysts award an ESG Commitment Level Asset Manager ratings to investments that also receive Morningstar Analyst Ratings. Not all investments currently have Asset Manager rating. Morningstar is expanding its coverage, prioritizing investments that are most relevant to investors.